4.0 Standard roof details

This section contains the common junction details and specific information you need to design and specify buildings with Gerard Roofs.

The numbered sections (4.1; 4.2; etc.) correspond to the equivalent parts of the Gerard Roofs Specification Manual. All details and diagrams can be downloaded and added to your plans. 

4.1 Batten spacing - Eave tile

4.2 Ridge installation

4.3 Valleys

Gerard Roofs provide valley trays in two widths, a 160mm Combination Valley and a 250mm E2 Wide Valley for use where required by specification.

Valleys must be supported by valley boards; these should be installed with nogging where necessary.

The nogging should have at least 25 mm clearance beyond where the valley sits so battens have sufficient support and nailing width.

Valley tiles are turned down to within 5 mm of the valley tray but must not touch the tray.

4.4 Hips

4.4.1 Installation of roof trim on hip junction with wooden battens

Roof tiles that butt up to hip battens should be turned up by 40 mm; roof trims must cover battens and overlap tiles below by a minimum of 35 mm.

4.5 Barge/gable ends

4.5.1 Installation of roof trim over a wooden fascia with batten

Roof tiles that butt up to edge battens should be turned up by 40 mm; roof trims must cover battens and overlap tiles below by a minimum of 25 mm.

4.5.2 Installation of roof trim over a metal fascia with and without batten

Roof tiles that butt up to edge battens should be turned up by 40 mm; roof trims must cover battens and overlap tiles below by a minimum of 25 mm.

Roof trims should be rivetted to the metal fascia.

4.6 Wall flashings

There are several types of wall flashings that may be used with various thicknesses of wall claddings.

Gerard Roofs manufacture most of these without hooks or hems which then requires 100 mm coverage of the section hidden behind the wall cladding.

4.6.1 Side flashings

Side flashings are general purpose flashings suitable for use with most wall claddings.

4.6.2 Step - Pitch flashings

Pitch flashing are a special system for thicker wall claddings like brick veneer. The transverse wall flashing is folded to closely match the roof pitch allowing the corner junctions to mitre neatly.

4.6.3 Soft edge apron flashings

Soft edge apron flashings are general purpose flashing suitable for most wall claddings. The soft edge aluminium is moulded down to meet the surface of the tile.

4.7 Wall Stop Ends

Gerard roofs proprietary PVC Stop Ends direct water away from the roof and wall and into the rain water collection gutters. There are left and right versions.

4.8 Change in pitch

4.9 Penetrations

4.9.1 Pipes

Pipe penetrations should be flashed using an EPDM flexible sleeve / boot or similar, such as Aquaseal. The edge of the EPDM flexible sleeve/boot should be fixed at 45° to horizontal.

4.9.2 Chimneys

Chimneys require specific flashings depending on the type and width of the chimney.

Cylindrical chimneys may be flashed with a large EPDM rubber sleeve similar to pipe flashings.

Rectangular chimneys require a back flashing. This may be made of flat sheet supplied by Gerard Roofs, AZ150 pre-painted steel, aluminium or a supported butyl membrane for chimneys up to 600 mm wide.

Wider chimneys (> 600 mm) require a cricket flashing or slope to direct water to the edges using a supported butyl membrane.

Where the chimney is situated at the eave an internal gutter should be installed around the side to exit into the eaves rain water system.

4.9.3 Chimneys exceeding 600mm in width

For penetrations exceeding more than 600mm in width, such as chimneys, an internal gutter should be used to create a fall to the edges of the penetration.

Angled Internal gutters should be formed using butyl rubber or other inert material such as aluminium. These should be installed by suitably qualified licenced building practitioners.

4.9.4 Roof windows

Refer to specific roof window suppliers installation instructions. Typically this will involve cutting and bending tiles up to the perimeter of the roof window in a manner that supports installation of the proprietary flashings supplied by the roof window manufacturer.

4.9.5 Solar panels

Refer specific solar panel suppliers installation instructions. Note that these should allow for fastening directly to the rafters and not to the roof tile battens. Penetrations of the support shall be appropriately flashed to ensure weather security, e.g. an EPDM flexible sleeve/boot.

4.10 Extra high wind zone installation

Gerard Roofs fixing patterns do not change for extra-high wind zones.

Gerard Roofs can provide a wall flashing that retains the tile turn up and offers greater wind-blown rain protection. This is an extended side flashing that has a soft edge to contour the tile surface and a hem at the top section that is mandatory for roofs in extra high wind zones.

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